History of Lisbon Portugal
Lisbon is among the oldest capital cities in Europe. The city was formerly referred to as Ulissipo by the Phoenicians who were the founders. Lisbon was conquered by Greek and Carthage but in 205 BC, Rome defeated Carthage and took over the city. Lisbon was made a part of the Roman Empire but on its collapse, Suebi Kingdom took over the reign over the city until 585.
In 711, Lisbon was invaded by the Islamic Moors and renamed it al-Usbuma but their reign did not last for long as Asturias’ Alfonso II re-conquered it. He reigned over the city until 808 when the Christians took over the city under the leadership of Alfonso I.
When Afonso II took over the reign of Lisbon, it became Portugal’s maritime expansion base and in the same duration, became the capital of Portugal. The reign of the House of Aziz over Lisbon in the 14th century made the city to flourish. In the 15th century, Lisbon port received global recognition when multiple warehouses as well as customs offices were established. People who took part in international trade found it easier to conduct their businesses through Lisbon which gave it an intense commercial power.
Due to the increased trade, citizens from places like Genoa and Mallorca, among others found their way to Lisbon. Their intense knowledge in maritime affairs greatly boosted Henry the Navigator’s court. In the 16th century, Casa da India established business ties with Asia, Brazil, and Africa, among other continents which boosted the wealth of the city. Lisbon became a slave trade hub in Europe which earned the city a lot of revenue.
In November 1775, Lisbon was hit by a terrible earthquake that caused intense damage to the city. Following soon after the earthquake, there were inland fires and a devastating tsunami that ruined Lisbon’s most famous port. Sebastiao Jose de Carvalho, using the wealth from Minas Gerais rebuilt the city and build classic style avenues. In 1807, Napoleon invaded Lisbon but the British led by General Wellington recaptured it.
In the nineteenth century, Lisbon was taken over by Napoleon Bonaparte. Lisbon’s treasures were stolen and the majority of the buildings destroyed. When a new king took over the reign, he worked hard to restore the former glory and rebuilt the city over its ruins. Lisbon became a modern city just like any other city in the modern world.During the 2nd world war, people from different countries took refuge in Lisbon and later went to the US or to Great Britain. Portugal joined the European Union in 1986 and 12 years later, played host to the World Expo. This brought a complete change to Lisbon’s urban landscape and this is part of the modern day’s Lisbon.