Month: July 2019

History of Lisbon Portugal

Lisbon is among the oldest capital cities in Europe. The city was formerly referred to as Ulissipo by the Phoenicians who were the founders. Lisbon was conquered by Greek and Carthage but in 205 BC, Rome defeated Carthage and took over the city. Lisbon was made a part of the Roman Empire but on its collapse, Suebi Kingdom took over the reign over the city until 585.

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In 711, Lisbon was invaded by the Islamic Moors and renamed it al-Usbuma but their reign did not last for long as Asturias’ Alfonso II re-conquered it. He reigned over the city until 808 when the Christians took over the city under the leadership of Alfonso I.

When Afonso II took over the reign of Lisbon, it became Portugal’s maritime expansion base and in the same duration, became the capital of Portugal. The reign of the House of Aziz over Lisbon in the 14th century made the city to flourish. In the 15th century, Lisbon port received global recognition when multiple warehouses as well as customs offices were established. People who took part in international trade found it easier to conduct their businesses through Lisbon which gave it an intense commercial power.

Due to the increased trade, citizens from places like Genoa and Mallorca, among others found their way to Lisbon. Their intense knowledge in maritime affairs greatly boosted Henry the Navigator’s court. In the 16th century, Casa da India established business ties with Asia, Brazil, and Africa, among other continents which boosted the wealth of the city. Lisbon became a slave trade hub in Europe which earned the city a lot of revenue.

In November 1775, Lisbon was hit by a terrible earthquake that caused intense damage to the city. Following soon after the earthquake, there were inland fires and a devastating tsunami that ruined Lisbon’s most famous port. Sebastiao Jose de Carvalho, using the wealth from Minas Gerais rebuilt the city and build classic style avenues. In 1807, Napoleon invaded Lisbon but the British led by General Wellington recaptured it.

In the nineteenth century, Lisbon was taken over by Napoleon Bonaparte. Lisbon’s treasures were stolen and the majority of the buildings destroyed. When a new king took over the reign, he worked hard to restore the former glory and rebuilt the city over its ruins. Lisbon became a modern city just like any other city in the modern world.During the 2nd world war, people from different countries took refuge in Lisbon and later went to the US or to Great Britain. Portugal joined the European Union in 1986 and 12 years later, played host to the World Expo. This brought a complete change to Lisbon’s urban landscape and this is part of the modern day’s Lisbon. …

Top Sites in Lisbon, Portugal

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Lisbon, the heartbeat of Portugal is among the most beautiful cosmopolitan cities in Europe. The city is a vibrant tourist destination where you’ll find historic monuments, top-notch museums, and other fantastic sites. Here are some of the amazing sites that will make you fall in love with Lisbon:

Mosteiro dos Jeronimos

This is among the greatest landmarks in Portugal that was built in the Portugal’s discovery age and has an intense historic significance. The site is also a way of giving respect to Vasco da Gama for his 1498’s journey to India. When you visit Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, you’ll get to behold the beautiful south portal as well as the amazing Manueline cloister. Just before you get to Santa Maria’s church entrance, you’ll see Vasco da Gama’s tomb.

Castelo de Sao Jorge

Castelo de Sao Jorge is Lisbon’s best attraction that is located at the top of a hill that overlooks Portuguese capital. The castle has an amazing museum, archeological sites, and impressive battlements that will make your visit memorable. Whether you are alone or you’re visiting Lisbon with your entire family, you can never get enough of the castle. As you bask in the glory of this amazing site, you’ll enjoy watching the city from above, River Tagus, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Museum Calouste Gulbenkian

This celebrated museum is named in respect to Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian, an oil magnage from Armenia. He donated his enormous art collection to the Portuguese government before he passed on in 1955. You’ll find artwork aged as old as 4000 years from all over the globe and even when you spend the entire day; it’ll not be enough to view all the artworks. If you love the beauty of jewelry or glassware collection by Rene Lalique, you cannot miss paying this museum a visit every time you are in Lisbon.

Lisboa Story Centre

Are you searching for a place you can know more about the history of Lisbon and Portugal in general? You need to pay a visit to Lisbon Story Center where there is a chronological arrangement of six zones that represent different periods in history. The multimedia application in each zone makes the events appear more real and with this, you’ll not have a dull moment watching the events unfold. Do not just guess about the happenings in Portugal when you can watch the events as they unfold in an organized manner.

Igreja-Museu Sao Roque

This is a combination of a church and a museum that will allow you to have a memorable cultural experience. Igreja –Museu Sao Roque was founded following the Jesuit Order and as a result of its sumptuous interiors, you’ll have the best experience. The presence of side chapels such as the Capela de Sao Joao Baptista makes the site even more dazzling.

Lisbon is an amazing city to visit every time you are in Portugal. To get the most out of your visit, you can pre-book a tour by reputable travel companies. You will love the experience as you discover the hidden beauty of Lisbon city.

History of Montreal Canada

In 1965, a French explorer by the name Jacques Cartier came to Montreal Island. 7 years later, some French settler under the leadership of Paul de Chomedey came to Montreal and settled there. The ongoing fur trade led to the flourishing of this settlement but the Iroquois were not impressed. In 1701, the settlers and the Iroquois came into an agreement and this brought the animosity to an end.

Montreal’s founder, Paul de Chomedey intended to make the city a missionary hub. As a result, he set up a chapel, hospital and other buildings that would help to make his dreams come true. He wanted to protect the city against constant attacks by Iroquois. Despite the massive efforts to make Montreal a religious center, the idea was overtaken by the fur trade. Though the city lost its control over the fur trade as a result of the merger between the 2 leading fur companies, its growth did not come to a halt.  The city shifted from transporting fur and concentrated on timber and agri-products distribution.

In 1760, Montreal, which had a population of 5,000 people, was captured by the British. Later in 1775, Montreal was again captured by the Americans but they gave up on the city after only 7 months. The British regained their control over Montreal and made the city flourish. During this time, the Bank of Montreal was set up and around 1825, Lachine Canal came into existence.

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The amenities were greatly improved in the 19th century which made life easier for the residents. The formation of the police department in 1843 and the linking of the city to Lachine via railway in 1847 are among these developments. Despite suffering from disasters such as the disastrous fire in 1852, Montreal has continued to flourish and its population has grown from thousands to half a million.

During the 1920s when there was Prohibition in the US, the visit to Montreal by many Americans made the city flourish. The opening of Jacques Cartier Bridge in the 1930s and the Montreal Botanical Gardens in 1931also helped to advance the development in Montreal.

Just like any other city in the world, Montreal suffered from the 1930s depression but this did not keep the city down for long. The population grew to millions and multiple buildings came up towards the 1960s. The setting up of Versailles Shopping Mall in 1963 is among the key developments that have propelled the development of Montreal.

Another key development that made Montreal stand out was the 1976 Olympic Games. The millions that took part in the Olympics contributed to the increased economic growth. Montreal continues to thrive even as the population in the city continues to grow. It has become a modern city where you’ll get the best that life has to offer. With its rich history and beautiful sites to behold, the city is a must visit every time you go to Canada.

Top Sites in Montreal Canada

Montreal Canada has a history of being a cosmopolitan center of cultures and trade. The city is among the largest French-speaking cities globally and this means knowing a little French when going there is a plus. When visiting Montreal, you’ll never have a dull moment as you’ll get to enjoy visiting museums, parks, exhibition squares, and shopping districts, among others.

Here are some of the top sites you’ll enjoy visiting in Montreal Canada:

Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal

Do you love visiting historic sites? Notre-Dame Basilica of Montreal is a must-visit every time you are in Montreal. This historic cathedral has a Gothic Revival design in its architecture that portrays religious art and handiwork. As you enjoy the beauty of the current basilica, you’ll get to view the site where the original parish cathedral was located.

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Chateau Ramezay

Chateau Ramezay is the oldest private museum that is located in the residents of a one-time New France governor. The museum was set up in 1705 and will grant you the privilege of exploring 5 decades history of Montreal and its surroundings. While at it, you can stroll in the beautifully structured colonial-style garden.

Pointe-a-Calliere Museum of Archaeology and History

This museum was set up in 1992 as a way of celebrating the 350th anniversary of Montreal. The museum has a rich history of Montreal’s origin, archaeo-adventures, and pirates, among other interesting exhibitions. There is an annual multimedia show and 3 temporary exhibitions each year and you can plan your visit to Montreal during these exhibitions.

Montreal Botanical Garden

Montreal Botanical Garden was set up in 1931 and encompasses 190 acres of 10 greenhouses and multiple gardens. You’ll find themed gardens that include First Nations Garden, Japanese Garden, and the Alpine Garden, among others. Any time you want to enjoy some peace and quiet in Montreal, this is the place to visit.

Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

This is among Montreal’s most reputable museums that was set up in 1860 by various art collectors. You’ll find over 41,000 artworks that include paintings, sculptures, decorative objects, and photographs, among others. If you are looking for international artworks and educational materials in Montreal, this is the place to be.

Mount Royal Park

This is among Montreal’s biggest green spaces which makes it a favorite for outdoor spots. The park is in the middle of the city and will give you an amazing view of Montreal’s skyline. On weekends, you’ll get to enjoy hand-drumming sessions referred to as Tam-Tams where different musicians and artists perform.

There is no limit to the amazing sites you’ll get to enjoy when in Montreal. All you need is to get in touch with what interests you and what makes you happy. Whether you are visiting Montreal alone or as a family, there will never be a dull moment. The best part is that most of these sites are free which means you’ll enjoy your vacation without breaking the bank!